Short Type Questions

 

 

Q5. Answer each question in two to four lines.

1. Enlist the areas of Pakistan as per constitutional division.

The Constitution says that the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a federal-state constituted of the areas falling in four categories:

  • Four provinces ——- Punjab: Sindh: North-West Frontier Province: Balochistan: Federal Capital: Islamabad and the areas adjoin it.
  • Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA) and the Northern Areas
  • Tribal areas adjoining the NWFP and Balochistan.

 

 

 

2. Enumerate the subjects enlisted in the Federal list.

Answer

This list contains the subjects on which only the Federal Parliament can legislate. The important matters enumerated in the list are:

           Column A                 Column B
                   1 Armed forces
                   2 Nuclear Energy
                   3 Flaming
                   4 Foreign Affairs
                   5 Communication

 

 

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3. Enumerate the important subjects included in the concurrent list.

Answer

                   Column A                Column B
                       1 Health
                       2 Education
                       3 Criminal and Civil Law
                       4 Armament
                       5 Family Planning
                       6 Irrigation

 

 

 

4. Write a note on the federal judiciary (The Supreme Court)

Answer

The Supreme Court has original, appellate, and advisory jurisdiction. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is appointed by the president; the other Supreme Court are appointed by the president after the consultation with the chief justice. The chief justice and judges of the Supreme Court may remain in office until age sixty-five.

 

 

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5. When and why was the Devolution plan introduced?

Answer

In October 1999, the politically elected government was overthrown as the military took over power in Pakistan. The Military Government immediately came up with a seven-point agenda called “Devolution Plan”. This plan was made to address the so-called institutions crisis and to advance national reconstruction.

 

 

 

6. What are the obstacles in the way of good governance?

The obstacles in the way of good government are:

  • Bad citizenship
  • Illiteracy and Ignorance
  • Poverty
  • Ware culture
  • Oppressive Political System
  • A social system based on corruption and dishonest practices

 

 

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7. Give an account of the system of accountability adopted in Hazrat Omer (RA) government.

Answer

Hazrat Omer (RA) kept a watch over his governors like a hawk, and as soon as any lapse on their part came to his notice, immediate action was taken. Before assuming his responsibility, a governor was required to declare his assets and a complete inventory of his possessions was prepared and kept in record.

 

 

 

8. What measure was taken by Hazrat Omer (RA) to ensure social security.

Answer

Hazrat Omer (RA) took particular steps to build a social order according to the teachings of Islam. He brought about far-reaching reforms in the social, economic and political sphere of collective life. It is but he who could say “If a dog dies at the bank of Euphrates, Omer will be responsible for that”.

 

  1. Enlist the four lines of the district government.

Answer

Following are the four tiers of government:

  • Union Council
  • City District
  • Tehsil Council
  • District Council

 

  1. What is the Citizen Community Board?

Answer

  • Citizen community Boards are established to create an environment of citizens’ participation in government affairs at the grass-root level.
  • These are formed for managing government hospitals, basic health units, education and other important service institution.

These are formed by the monitoring committees of the Union Councils and their option shall be given a high weightage by the government.